Cullowhee North Carolina
Torreya taxifolia trees
property of Jim Thomson
2,600 foot elevation
initial plantings in November 2013
NOTE BY CONNIE BARLOW: On 3 November 2013, I stopped by the Waynesville home of Jim Thomson, who had volunteered a few days earlier to plant Torreya seedlings and seeds on his north-facing, mountain-side property in Culowhee, North Carolina. I gave him:
4 potted seedlings, which I had acquired from Jeff Morris (Spencer NC) earlier that day. Jeff had grown the 4 seedlings from the autumn 2011 seed harvest of Jack Johnston. All four had germinated in spring of 2013 and were ready for planting out.
20 seeds from the 2013 harvest from the Clinton NC tree (to germinate).
20 seeds from the 2013 main harvest (via Jack, received by Jim later).
November 2013 Report by Jim Thomson
Yesterday I finished planting the four Torreya seedlings you gave us. The area where I planted them is entirely wooded. There are many large trees, some with base diameters of perhaps three feet. Most of these have only high limbs. Judging by the leaves on the ground, the trees are maple, oak, tuliptree (Liriodendron), and others I can't identify. I will try to figure out more of what is there next summer. There are also a number of large pine trees (perhaps white pine) on the southwest boundary of the property. I noticed a few small hemlocks perhaps 8 feet tall. There are several large rhododendron bushes perhaps 20 feet in diameter and 15 feet high.
ABOVE PHOTO: shows the locations of the four potted seedlings planted on our property November 2013, along with information on the approximate elevation, the approximate direction the slope faces, and the steepness of the slope. (The top of this picture is North.)
ABOVE PHOTO: (Torreya #3) I marked each plant with blue and pink tape on a wire frame up-slope from the plant so that it can be located visually in the woods. I also recorded the elevation and location with my GPS (within about 10 feet), crudely measured the slope using a level, roughly determined the direction the slope faced using a compass, and took pictures.
Torreya #3 is on a more open slope of about 22 degrees under the canopy of trees facing North or slightly West of North at an elevation of about 2,725 feet. (I say "about" when I mention any of the elevations since I am not sure how accurate they are, even though the elevation was measured with the GPS. If I take more than one GPS reading at the same location, the elevations come out slightly different. Also various GPS readings are not consistent with the values on the contour map we have of the property.) Torreya 3 is the largest of the four plants you gave us, about 12 inches tall. I found that it had the most developed root-ball when I removed if from the pot.
ABOVE PHOTOS: Two views of Torreya #1 on left. Next are Torreya #3 and Torreya #4.
Torreya #1 is on a slope facing a little West of North at an elevation of about 2,628 feet with a slope of about 25 degrees. The left-most photo of it shows at the photo top the greenery of a large rhododendron.
Torreya #2 is on a slope facing a little North of West at an elevation of about 2,644 feet on a slope of about 35 degrees (or perhaps more). There is a ridge between Torreyas 1 and 2. This slope has more rocks than the Torreya 1 slope and has more undergrowth, perhaps because it gets some late afternoon sun through the trees. (The picture was taken about 4:30 PM.) There are a lot of ferns in the areas of both Torreyas 1 and 2.
Torreya #4 faces almost due North and is probably the most protected of the four plants. It is on a slope of about 32 degrees at an elevation of about 2,646 feet. Torreya #4 is located on the right face of a slight valley between two ridges. The slope is indicated by the fallen trees in the picture. The left face of the slight valley can be seen in the upper left part of the picture. The green trees seen in this area are a bunch of small pine trees (maybe 8 to 10 feet tall) between Torreya 4 and Torreya 3. Note: Torreya 4 is too small to see in this photo; the greenery to the right of the ribbons is a fern.
October 2014 Report by Jim Thomson
Report of the 4 Torreya seedlings planted in 2013: They were doing well the last time I checked, which was several months ago. They have been hard to find and difficult to get to because of the underbrush. I will try to check them again and take some pictures this week or next.
Report of the 40 seeds planted outdoors in Waynesville germination bed 15 December 2013. None of them have germinated yet. The 40 torreya seeds were planted in pots behind our home in Waynesville NC. Seeds were planted two to a pot, with a divider between the seeds. A wood frame with wire fencing was placed over the germination bed to keep out animals. The torreya planting mix was:1 bag (1 cu ft, 25.7 qt) Ultralite Top Soil
3 shovels peat moss
3 shovels vermiculite
PHOTOS ABOVE: 40 seeds (planted 2 to a pot) in December 2013. Pink tape = 20 seeds from the Clinton NC tree (delivered by Connie). Blue tape = 20 seeds from main 2013 harvest (via Jack).
January 2015 Photos by Jim Thomson
April 2015 VIDEO report with Jim Thomson 17 minutes
15a: Rewilding Florida Torreya to Cullowhee, NC - 2015 report
This wild forest site on Jim Thomson's property east of Cullowhee is the first location where Torreya Guardians have had access to a north-facing mountain slope (elevation 2,600 feet). Connie Barlow films and narrates this field survey, led by Jim Thomson. Here they observe the 4 Torreya taxifolia seedlings that Jim planted 18 months earlier. The original big-needled leaves are seen here to be dying back, but shorter needles are the growth form that this cool, shady location seems to call forth.
November 2016 updateCONNIE BARLOW reports: Spring 2016, I helped Jim plant 6 of the potted seedlings he had nurtured from seeds given him by Torreya Guardians December 2013. We planted them on the flats of his Cullowhee property (3 very near the road and 3 very near the upslope forest edge). This is in contrast to the original donated seedlings (see Nov 2013 report above), which he planted beneath a mature deciduous canopy that is steeply upslope from his home in Cullowhee. I took video of our Spring 2016 planting but have yet to edit and post it on youtube.
JIM THOMSON REPORTS: I checked on the six torreys that we planted last spring. Five of them seem to be doing fine, but one is turning brown and some of the stems have fallen off. I have nine more Torreya plants at my house in Waynesville that should probably be transplanted next spring.
November 2018 updateCONNIE BARLOW reports: As of July 2020, I am trying to add photos to the huge number of NC sites I video/photo documented Fall 2018. Eventually I need to edit and upload the video-footage I took Oct-Nov 2018 while living onsite for 6 weeks. But for now, a few photos will have to do:
ABOVE LEFT and RIGHT: November 2018 Michael Dowd sits alongside the highest of the several steep-slope torreyas Jim Thomson had planted in November 2013 (which he had grown from seed in his backyard in Waynesville). In some of these slope places the soil is very thin, and the ground vegetation is rare (possibly from early soil loss from logging/grazing?) His torreyas, although growing slowly under the summer deciduous shade of this north-facing slope, look healthy excerpt where one had disappeared under a recent treefall.
ABOVE LEFT and RIGHT: November 2018 Michael Dowd touches the second lowest of the several steep-slope torreyas Jim Thomson had planted 5 years earlier. As is customary for this genus, a very healthy basal sprout stands low and ready in the event that a browser destroys the original main stem.
ABOVE LEFT and RIGHT: November 2018 Michael Dowd touches the top of one of the original torreyas that Jim planted in his backyard of Cullowhee 5 years earlier. It is right alongside the forest edge, within the periodically mowed area that is a mix of grass, lots of moss, and some bare or thinly covered bedrock. Behind Michael the yard slopes down to a little creek. Behind that is the bottom of the steep slope, a higher region of which was shown in the first row of 2018 photos.
The old barn is is right alongside the very rural (though paved) dead-end road where Jim Thomson (who lives in Waynesville) has a second home and property.
November 2018 Michael stands alongside one of the original 3 plantings of 2013 in the "front" yard. This one had been totally under low shade of evergreen invasive privet, cut back by Jim and by Connie and nipped a bit by the lawnmower.
BELOW: The other two of the 2013 front yard plantings have always had a lot more sunlight on the periodically mowed slope (visible covered with fallen brown leaves "above" Michael in the photo above. The one whose branches angle upward steeply was adapting to tall surrounding grasses, thus trying to reach for the sunlight. These photos were taken after Jim mowed the lawn and Connie pulled out a lot of upstart privet.